Over the past 20 years the number of patients with fungal infections (mycoses) has increased dramatically. This is mainly due to the launch of new medical technologies and a significant increase in the number of patients with immunodeficiencies. The spectrum of pathogens of fungal infections is growing rapidly: currently over 400 species of fungi that cause diseases in humans are known.
Clinical manifestations of infections caused by fungi vary widely from relatively harmless superficial lesions of the mucous membranes and skin to life-threatening invasive fungal infections, which may affect almost the whole organism
The most frequent fungal infections include:
- candidiasis of various organs
- invasive candidiasis
- pneumonia caused by Candida
- arthritis caused by Candida
- peritonitis caused by Candida
A fungal infection can catch you in sauna, swimming pool or fitness center, at the hairdresser, manicure or pedicure in any salon. Even if you follow all the rules of hygiene, the fungus can have you because of low immunity, long-term use of antibiotics, high carbohydrate diet or an existing diseases (eg diabetes).
The most effective medications against a number of fungal infections are Terbinafine (Lamisil) and Fluconazole (Diflucan). Terbinafrine is a drug of choice in the treatment of onychomycosis, mycosis of skalp, skin, feet, and hands, scaly skin disease (chromophytosis). Fluconazole is most effective in treatment of different kinds of candidosis, especially caused by C.albicans, and as an adjuvant remedy in treatment of scaly skin disease.