Depression is a disease which may change the emotional well-being for a long period of time and significantly impair the quality of his life (working activity, relationships, rest). Depression may occur as a responsiveness on previous psychological trauma or negative events (death of the close person, unemployment, family problems and others). In some cases depression may arise without any significant reasons.
The typical depression symptoms include:
- Grief, sadness, anxiety or hyper irritability
- Difficult falling asleep
- Loss of interest to job, food and sexual life
- Feeling of guilty and inferiority, hopelessness in relation to future
- Constant tiredness and fatigability, difficult attention concentration
- Weight gain or weight loss
- Headache, chest pain, back pain (without organic causes)
- Increased concerns about own health condition
- Thought about suicide and death
Among other psychotic disorders depression can successfully be treated. Nearly 80% of all patients which received appropriate treatment experienced a full recovery from depression. Depression treatment usually includes the following approaches:
- Life style changes
- Antidepressants application
Among all available antidepressants serotonin reuptuke inhibitors are the most widely prescribed preparation for the treatment of depressive conditions. Featured characteristics of serotonin reuptake inhibitors include the followings:
- treatment with this group of antidepressants does not lead to physical dependence
- therapeutic effect of the medication occurs in 2-3 weeks
- SSRI are usually well tolerated and are lack of such side effects like accommodation disorders, disuria, cardiotoxicity, increased body weight. Possible side effects associated with this category of drugs are: nausea, sweating, insomnia which are not severe and do not require the cessation of therapy.
It usually requires not less than 4-6 weeks to achieve the full therapeutic effect. In repeated depression or suicidal attempts.